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Growing irritation is noticed in America at German efforts to provoke feelings inconsistent with the neutrality of the United States. The tendency of the battle of the Aisne to become more like a siege is emphasized in an official account issued by the War Office. The buoyant spirits of the British troops are shown by their nicknames of the heaviest German shells as “Jack Johnsons” or “Black Marias.” The diminished efficiency of the German armies is apparent in many ways. A dog was killed as the result of a Zeppelin attack on Ostend. A British Expeditionary Force arrives at Laoshan Bay to participate in the movements against the Germans at Tsingtao. Petrograd communiqués report the Russian capture of fortified positions in the advance towards Cracow.