1915, Anglo-Russian Agreement, Austria-Hungary, Avezzano, Battle of Kara Urgan, Douglas Haig, earthquake, Erzurum, Foreign Minister, France, fundraising, Grand Officier, Horace Smith-Dorrien, Iran, Italy, Legion of Honour, Leopold Berchtold, occupation, Ottoman Empire, Persia, Russia, Stephan Burian, Tabriz, The Times appeal, Turkey
Count Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, resigns, and is succeeded by a Hungarian, Baron Stephan Burian. Tabriz, the capital of a Persian province in the Russian sphere of influence under the Anglo-Russian Agreement, taken by the Turks. About 100,000 Turks near Erzrum check Russian advance. Severe earthquake in Italy, many thousands killed and injured. General Sir Douglas Haig and General Sir H. Smith-Dorrien made Grand Officers of the Legion of Honour. The Times Fund exceeds £850,000, £50,000 having been subscribed in 12 days.