1915, Black Sea, Bosphorus, casualties, civilian casualties, fortress, France, German Army, Germany, Great Britain, Imperial German Navy, merchant shipping, Ottoman Empire, RMS Falaba, Russia, sinking, SM U-28, submarine, Turkey, United States of America
The liner Falaba (Elder Dempster and Co.), outward bound from Liverpool, is torpedoed by a German submarine off Milford, with serious loss of life. The enemy crew jeer at the drowning people, and make no attempt to help them. The Russian Black Sea Fleet bombards the outer forts of the Bosporus. French computations of the wastage in the German Army place the numbers during five months of the campaign at 1,300,000, or 200,000 men a month.