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French capture most of Saillisel, and attack St. Pierre Vaast Wood. British progress on 1,000 yards front near Butte de Warlencourt, and attack Le Transloy; part of their gains subsequently lost. French take all Vaux village. Germany and Austria-Hungary proclaim an “independent State of Poland,” with an “hereditary Monarchy and Constitution.” German success west of Predeal, and south-east of Roter Turm Pass. German battleship torpedoed by British submarine in North Sea.