1917, aeroplanes, air raid, Belgium, casualties, civilian casualties, civilians, England, Essex, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greenland Hill, Imperial German Navy, North Sea, occupation, Ostend, Reginald Tyrwhitt, Royal Navy, Scarpe, sinking, SMS S20, Souchez, submarine
Commander Tyrwhitt, in command of British light cruisers and destroyers, engages six German destroyers, and in a running fight sinks the S.20. German naval base and workshops at Ostend bombarded by British warships. Raid by 18 German aeroplanes on Essex and on naval establishments in the Medway; 38 casualties; two machines brought down by anti-aircraft guns, two brought down by home air forces, and certainly two, and perhaps four, brought down by naval airmen at Ostend. British make slight gains south of Souchez River. British attack south of the Scarpe; progress on Greenland Hill.