Russian retreat extending; they take the offensive near Krevo, east of Vilna, and penetrate German positions to a depth of two miles, taking 1,000 prisoners, but further success jeopardized by indiscipline. Furious artillery battles on the Western front in Flanders and along the Chemin-des-Dames Ridge; Crown Prince’s attack on the ridge heavily repulsed, though Germans gain a footing on the California Plateau close to Craonne. German aeroplane raid on Harwich and Felixstowe with 15 to 21 machines; 11 killed and 26 injured; German formation broken up and attack driven off, and a machine brought down near Belgian Coast by R.F.C. patrol. Berlin announces British submarine C34 sunk; one survivor taken prisoner. Prince Lvoff retires as a result of M. Kerensky’s action in suppressing the Petrograd riots; M. Kerensky succeeds him as Premier, while retaining the portfolio of War and Marine.