1917, Battle of Passchendaele, Belgium, Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo, Flanders, Frezenberg, Germany, Gorizia, Great Britain, Italy, Latvia, law, merchant shipping, Moscow, Petrograd, prisoners of war, Pskov, retreat, Riga, Russia, Slovenia, St Petersburg, United States of America
British lose ground north of Frezenberg. Italian pressure north-east of Gorizia; prisoners now over 30,000. Russians still retreating on the Riga-Pskoff road, but south of that road resistance increasing. Russian Provisional Government reintroduces the death penalty both for soldiers and civilians; Petrograd and Moscow closed to foreigners. United States Government contemplating seizure of 400,000 tons of neutral shipping in American ports.