German attacks on Canadian positions north-west of Lens defeated.
1917, Austen Chamberlain, British Empire, Christopher Addison, Cote 304, Edward Carson, Edwin Montagu, First Lord of the Admiralty, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, July Days, Kronstadt, monarchy, munitions, Petrograd, Royal Navy, Russia, Russian Revolution, Sir Eric Geddes, St Petersburg, Verdun, Winston Churchill
French win back all positions on Hill 304, Verdun, lost since June 29; 425 prisoners. Continued disorder in Petrograd; mutineers and workmen from Kronstadt in the capital; outbreak denounced by the Council of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Delegates. Changes in the Government; Sir Edward Carson joins the War Cabinet and is succeeded as First Lord of the Admiralty by Sir Eric GeddesSir Eric Geddes; Dr. Addison becomes Minister in Charge of Reconstruction, and is succeeded as Minister of Munitions by Mr. Churchill; Mr. Montagu becomes Secretary of State for India in succession to Mr. Chamberlain. Royal Proclamation changing the name of the Royal House and family to Windsor.
1917, Aqaba, Austen Chamberlain, Austria-Hungary, British Empire, Dolyna, Galicia, Germany, Great Britain, Hejaz, Hussain bin Ali, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kerensky Offensive, Lavr Kornilov, Lomnica, monarchy, Ottoman Empire, prisoners of war, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Ukraine
1917, Austria-Hungary, British Empire, Brzezany, Canada, casualties, Galicia, Germany, Great Britain, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kerensky Offensive, Matthias Erzberger, North Sea, peace, prisoners of war, recruitment, Reichstag, Royal Navy, Russia, sinking, Stanislau, Ukraine
Russian attack in Galicia spreading in direction of Stanislau; another 1,000 prisoners on the Brzezany front. British destroyer torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea; eight deaths. Crisis in Germany as the result of Herr Erzberger‘s demand in the Reichstag for reforms in domestic and foreign policy and a peace without annexations or indemnities. Conscription Bill carried in Canadian House of Commons.
1917, Ailles, Austria-Hungary, British Empire, France, German East Africa, German Empire, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Lens, Malawi, Mozambique, Nyasaland, Paissy, Portugal, Rovuma, Second Battle of the Aisne, Tanzania
Further British progress south-west and west of Lens, capturing German defences on a front of half a mile. German gains on French front across the Ailles-Paissy road. Italians evacuate part of the border pass of Agnella. Fighting reported in German East Africa; German troops driven back from borders of Nyasaland to the Rovuma border by British and Portuguese.
Austen Chamberlain, British Empire, casualties, France, Germany, Great Britain, H. H. Asquith, India, Indian Army, Iraq, Lord Hardinge, Ottoman Empire, Scarpe, Sir Beauchamp Duff, Sir Edmund Barrow, Sir John Nixon, Turkey
Mesopotamia Commission report published; responsibility for failures and mistakes of campaign allotted in order of blame to Sir John Nixon, Lord Hardinge, Sir Beauchamp Duff, Sir Edmund Barrow, Mr. Austen Chamberlain, and the War Committee of the Asquith Cabinet; the Vincent-Bingley report on failure of the medical service also published. German counter-attack near Fontaine, south of the Scarpe, defeated.
1917, Adigo, American President, Austria-Hungary, Battle of Mount Ortigara, Belgium, British Empire, Bronta, German East Africa, German Empire, Germany, Great Britain, Imperial German Navy, Italy, Ostend, Royal Navy, Russia, Tanzania, United States of America, Woodrow Wilson
Fighting on Italian front between the Adigo and the Bronta; Italians win Pass of Agnello and nearly whole of Monte Ortigara. Admiralty report all large shipping removed from Ostend Harbour, apparently as effect of bombardment. German detachment in the estuary of the Lukeledi, East Africa, driven into the interior. Text of Presidents Wilson’s Message to Russian Provisional Government published; war aims of United States defined and readjustment on practical lines suggested; wrongs must be righted and safeguards arranged.
1917, air raid, Albania, Austria-Hungary, Bar-le-Duc, Belgium, bombardment, British Empire, Bruges, Canada, France, Germany, Ghistelles, Great Britain, Italy, occupation, Second Battle of the Aisne, Souchez, St Denis, Trier, Vyfwegan, Zeebrugge
German counter-attack south of Souchez River, recovering lost ground. Slight German progress on French front, but gains not maintained. Terrific bombardment of German air camps at St. Denis, Vyfwegan, Ghistelles, Zeebrugge, and Bruges; French aeroplanes bombard Treves as reprisal for bombardment of Bar-le-Duc. Independence of Albania, under protection of Italy, proclaimed.
1917, Allies, artillery, Battle of Arras, Battle of Messines, Belgium, Brazil, British Empire, Canada, casualties, France, Germany, Great Britain, Imperial German Navy, Lens, Mediterranean, prisoners of war, Royal Navy, SM UC-34, Souchez, SS Cameronian, submarine, United States of America, weapons, Wytschaete, Ypres
Canadian attack south of the Souchez River and progress south of Lens; violent artillery fire on the West front, particularly in the Wytschaete section, south of Ypres. French summary of Allied spring offensive; over 52,000 prisoners, including over 1,000 officers, 446 heavy and field guns, and 1,000 machine-guns, taken. British transport Cameronian sunk by submarine in Eastern Mediterranean, with loss of 63 lives. Brazilian president signs decree revoking Brazil’s neutrality in war between Germany and United States, and authorizes taking over of German ships interned in Brazilian ports.
1917, Alexander Kerensky, Arthur Hoskins, Austria-Hungary, British Empire, East Africa, Foreign Minister, German East Africa, German Empire, Great Britain, Isonzo, Italy, Jacob van Deventer, Mikhail Tereshtchenko, Minister of War, Pavel Miliukov, Prince George Lvov, Russia, Russian Prime Minister, Russian Revolution, Slovenia, Tenth Battle of the Isonzo
Austrian counter-attacks on Isonzo front defeated. War Office announces Major-General Van Deventer succeeds Major-General Hoskins in command in East Africa. Coalition Government formed in Russia under existing Premier, Prince Lvoff; M. Kerensky becomes Minister of War, and M. Tereshtchenko Minister for Foreign Affairs in place of M. Miliukoff, who resigns.