Foch received German Envoys.
*This entry for November 8, 1918 was mistakenly dated as November 9 in The Times’ Diary.
1918, Allies, Bailleul, Battle of Bailleul, Battle of Helsinki, Battle of the Lys, Ferdinand Foch, Finland, Finnish Civil War, France, Germany, Great Britain, Helsinki, Merville, Neuve Eglise, occupation, prisoners of war
1918, Allies, Avre, Battle of Moreuil Wood, Boiry, Boyelles, British Prime Minister, Demuin, Ferdinand Foch, First Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, France, Germany, Great Britain, King George V, Lloyd George, monarchy, Moreuil, Operation Michael, prisoners of war, Serre, Somme
Fighting north of the Somme in the Boiry-Boyelles district; Germans repulsed with great loss; near Serre British take 230 prisoners. Between the Somme and the Avre Germans take Demuin, in the Luce Valley, but lose it again. French retake Moreuil and 700 prisoners. Mr. Lloyd George announces General Foch‘s appointment to co-ordinate action of Allied Armies in France. The King returns from a visit to the front.
1917, Allies, Asiago, Austria-Hungary, Brenta, British Empire, Deli Abbas, Ferdinand Foch, First Battle of Monte Grappa, First Battle of the Piave, France, Germany, Great Britain, Iraq, Italy, Kifri, Maxime Weygand, Mount Badeneche, Mount Sisemol, Mount Tondarecar, Ottoman Empire, peace, Supreme War Council, Turkey, United States of America, Versailles, William Marshall, Woodrow Wilson
Enemy attacks on salient from Mt. Sisemol, near Asiago, towards the Brenta; Mts. Badeneche and Tondarecar stormed. General Marshall takes Sakaltutan Pass on the Deli Abbas-Kifri Road. President Wilson’s Message to Congress:-” Our object is to win the war”; the American people “deeply and indignantly impatient” with those who desire peace by any sort of compromise; he recommends a declaration of war against Austria-Hungary. General Weygand to represent France on Allied Council at Versailles; General Foch to remain Chief of Staff.
1917, Allied War Council, Allies, Armando Diaz, Asiago, Austria-Hungary, Battle of Caporetto, British Empire, casualties, Ferdinand Foch, France, General Fayolle, Germany, Great Britain, Hebron, Italy, Jerusalem, Luigi Cadorna, Ottoman Empire, Palestine, Piave, Rapallo Conference, Sir Henry Wilson, Sugana Valley, Supreme War Council, Trentino, Turkey, Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo, weapons
Turks evacuate Wadi Hesi and Ascalon; they retreat on Hebron and Jerusalem with loss of 70 guns and 10,000 casualties. Italians on the Piave; enemy descent in Trentino, down the Val Sugana, taking ruins of Asiago; General Fayolle announced in command of French troops in Italy. Announced Allied Conference at Rapallo has decided to create a supreme political council of the Allies for the Western Front, to be assisted by a permanent Military Committee, consisting of Generals Foch, Cadorna, and Wilson; General Diaz succeeds Cadorna as Italian Generalissimo.
1917, Alexandre Ribot, Allies, Austria-Hungary, England, Ferdinand Foch, France, French Prime Minister, Great Britain, Hermada, Hudi Log, Italy, Jules Cambon, London, Medeazza, Minister of War, Paul Painleve, peace, Slovenia, Stockholm, Sweden, Tenth Battle of the Isonzo, trenches, Vodice
1917, Adriatic, Aleksei Brusilov, Allies, Austria-Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Navy, Battle of Arras, Battle of Bullecourt, Battle of the Strait of Otranto, Bodrez, Bullecourt, casualties, Cattaro, Ferdinand Foch, fortress, French Navy, Germany, Gorizia, HMS Bristol, HMS Dartmouth, Italian Navy, Italy, Loga, Monte Santo, peace, Philippe Petain, prisoners of war, Robert Nivelle, Roeux, Royal Navy, Russia, sinking, Slovenia, Tenth Battle of the Isonzo, Vasily Gurko
Italian offensive continues; most marked progress between Loga and Bodrez, in the Plava area, on the slopes of Monte Santo, and on the heights east of Gorizia; 3,375 prisoners. Austrian light cruisers and destroyers sink 14 British drifters in the Adriatic; they are driven off by H.M. ships Dartmouth and Bristol and French and Italian destroyers; Italian airmen reduce on cruiser to a sinking condition outside Cattaro. Slight German success west of Bullecourt. Stubborn fighting around Roeux; great German losses. Enemy gain a footing on French front east of Fort Malmaison. Changes in French higher command; General Pétain succeeds General Nivelle, who takes command of an army group; General Foch succeeds General Pétain as Chief of Staff. Generals Brusiloff and Gurko ask to resign; members of Committee of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Delegates agree to join Russian Provisional Government, and declare a separate peace impossible.
1916, Adriatic, Austria-Hungary, Baltimore, Barleux, Battle of Albert, Battle of the Somme, Belloy-en-Santerre, Biaches, Bray, Brusilov Offensive, Ferdinand Foch, France, Galicia, Germany, Imperial German Navy, Iraq, La Maisonette Farm, merchant shipping, Ottoman Empire, Peronne, Royal Navy, Russia, Sanna-i-Yat, sinking, Stokhod, submarine, Tigris, trade, Turkey, Ukraine, United States of America
General Foch advances along the Bray-Péronne Road and takes Biaches, one mile west of Péronne; French in the outskirts of Barleux and in Belloy-en-Santerre; progress at La Maison[ ]ette Farm. Fighting on the Stokhod; Russians win the river crossings at Svidinki. Fighting at Sanna-i-Yat on the Tigris. Four British drifters surprised by Austrian cruisers in the Adriatic; two sunk. German submarine Deutschland, purporting to be a merchantman, arrives at Baltimore from Bremen with mails and cargo.
1916, Austria-Hungary, Bapaume, Battle of Albert, Battle of the Somme, Becquincourt, Brusilov Offensive, Bussu, Curlu, Dompierre, Fay, Ferdinand Foch, France, Fricourt, Frise, Galicia, Germany, Great Britain, Iran, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kolomea, Kolomyia, Mametz, Montauban, Ottoman Empire, Peronne, Persia, Russia, Somme, Stanislau, Turkey, Ukraine
Great Franco-British Advance north and south of the Somme; the British attack on a 20-mile front and break into the German forward system of defences on a front of 16 miles towards Bapaume; Montauban and Mametz captured and Fricourt threatened. French under General Foch attack from British right to five miles south of the Somme towards Péronne; they capture the outskirts of Hardecourt and Curlu, and take Frise, Dompierre, Béquincourt, Bussu, and Fay. Russian progress north-west of Kolomea towards Stanislau. Turks claim recapture of Kermanshah.