1917, Al Hay, Beaucourt, Berlin, England, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hai, Heinrich von Bernstorff, Imperial German Navy, Iraq, James W. Gerard, ocean liner, Ottoman Empire, Panama Canal, Scilly Isles, Second Battle of Kut, sinking, SM U-53, SS Housatonic, submarine, Tigris, trenches, Turkey, United States Navy, United States of America, Washington
Diplomatic relations between United States and Germany broken off; Count Bernstorff given his passports and Mr. Gerard recalled from Berlin; all neutrals expected by Washington to follow same course; German auxiliary cruisers interned in American Navy yard seized and four Hamburg-Amerika liners taken under care of Panama Canal Zone authorities. American steamer Housatonic sunk by submarine off Scilly Islands. British line east of Beaucourt advanced 500 yards on front of ¾ mile. Three lines of enemy trenches west of the Hai-Tigris junction captured.