1917, aeroplanes, air raid, Battle of Passchendaele, Belgium, British Empire, civilian casualties, communications, England, Flanders, German East Africa, German Empire, Germany, Great Britain, Latvia, Lindi, London, Menin, Polygon Wood, Pskov, railway, Riga, Russia, Tanzania, Ypres
Powerful German counter-attacks from Ypres-Menin road to Polygon Wood; two British advanced posts captured at south-east corner of Polygon Wood. Further Russian advance south of Riga-Pskoff railway. German force of 200 surrenders north of Central Railway, East Africa; severe fighting by British force based on Lindi. German aeroplane attack on London by four groups of machines; a few get through the defences and drop bombs in the south-western district; 10 killed, 38 injured.